Visit our archive of Vernon historical articles.
HISTORY OF THE TOWN OF VERNON
By Barbara Moseley
Vernon is the very southeastern corner town of Vermont, and the smallest in Windham County. Its size was determined by the action of Benning Wentworth, New Hampshire’s first royal governor. His was a determined course of granting “cookie-cutter” six-mile square towns from the Atlantic shore to the New York border. On reaching this locality, the square town, named Hinsdale, was split diagonally by the Connecticut River.
Wentworth’s land grabbing did not sit well with Provincial Governor Tryon of New York, who had already made grants of his own for some of the same territory, east of the river. Plus, even earlier, the Massachusetts Bay Colony had “bought” land from the native population, laying out townships along the river, including Vernon.
The turmoil set the stage for Vermont’s hero, Ethan Allen, and his “Green Mountain Boys” to free the disputed land of all claims. Thus, the Republic of Vermont was born, holding that distinction until 1791, when it was accepted into the union as the 14th state.
However, the confusion did not end there. Even after statehood, the town kept its name of Hinsdale, like its “half-sister” town across the river in New Hampshire.
Finally, at the Town Meeting of 1802, the Vermonters suggested that their town be named “Huntstown”, honoring a distinguished resident, Lieutenant Governor Jonathan Hunt. His wife Lavinia, however, suggested it be called Vernon, after the British Admiral Edward Vernon, friend of the George Washington family, and for whom Washington’s home Mount Vernon was named. Thus, Vernon became the only town in Vermont named by a woman!
One-room Schoolhouse, 4201 Fort Bridgman Road, Vernon, VT
1860 Pond Road Chapel, 634 Pond Road, Vernon, VT
Mailing Address: 567 Governor Hunt Road, Vernon, VT 05354
Phone: (802) 254-8010
Contact: Barbara Moseley, Historian
The Vernon Historians is an independent 501(c)3 non-profit organization separate from the town government. It exist for the purpose of preserving historical materials and artifacts. This helps us to picture life and events of the past, which have shaped our community. Preserving and recording are a significant part of our program.
The Vernon Historians maintain a local history museum in a one-room brick schoolhouse (c. 1848), which contains the original schoolroom, farmhouse kitchen, farm tools, plus Vernon photographs and artifacts. They are also custodians of the restored Pond Road Chapel, built in 1860, which is on the National Register of Historic Places. The chapel is used for special events and is open by appointment.
Hours and Admission:
Museum: June – September: Sunday, 2:00 – 4:00 p.m., or by appointment. Donations welcomed.
Chapel: by appointment.
- Adult $10.00
- Sustaining Adult $20.00
- Junior (under 18) $2.00
- Institutional $25.00
- Life $100.00
- Dale Gassett, President
- Carol Hammond, Recording Secretary
- Sallie May, Corresponding Secretary
- Phyllis Newton, Treasurer
- Trustees: Peg Frost, Pam Cersosimo, Barbara Moseley Sallie May, Carol Hammond, Heather Frost, Nancy Gassett, Sandy Morrison, Jan Peduzzi
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Vernon which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.